Employment is Empowerment More so for Rural Women

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Employment is Empowerment More so for Rural Women

Why does one work? Is it only for money? Is it only for acknowledgment? Is it only for finding a way of meeting one’sends meet? Perhaps, yes. These are all some of the most dominant concerns that propels one to work and work efficiently. But, in rural landscape, unfortunately, work is not only a marker of one’s lifestyle’s choices but is also a glaring manifestation of survivor. More so, for women. Since time immemorial, women have been strategically relegated to the stature of domestic domain and have been expected to execute the responsibilities of the domestic realm. It is not to summarize that work at home is not important or significant; the  point is that why are women in rural India not given adequate exposure to the outside world as well. Why do women find themselves absolutely lost after the demise of her husband? Why can she not take the onus of entire family on her shoulders? Why are women in rural India not educated or empowered enough to take their own decisions?

The answer to everything asked here lies in the financial stature of these women. It is not debatable at all that money empowers all the individuals to fend for themselves. Additionally, financial security will enable all the rural women to stop themselves from being victimized or dominated by the patriarchal society. Seemingly, out regressive mindsets don’t want that to happen and therefore, very surreptitiously, multiple opportunities are not even offered to women. More so, the credit of their work is taken away from them.

After a lot of surveys have been carried out in this direction, what has been categorically observed is that:

-In contrast with global trends, India has seen a decline in women’s employment rates over the past few decades.

The rural Indian women are always at the radar of being unemployed.

– A lot of rural women have decided to get education before they get married. It helps these women to make their own life decisions without feeling burdened.

-Women also want to maintain a balance between their personal lives and their obligation to participate in the domestic chores.

All these observations sufficiently  highlight that women probably have begun to see how the only way to get significant respect and authority in the families as well as societies is by finding financial security for themselves. Societies, women can start by working in the family lands, or they can also go out and find a successful avenue for themselves. There is certainly a stigma attached to the notion of women working outside their homes and this culture exists in a magnified form in the rural India. In order to combat the societal taboos associated with a woman who goes out to work, men also opened to be educated about how issuing character certificate to every woman who wants to make it big for herself is going to take the society backwards. It is also of immense significance for every one to assimilate the understanding that when a woman decides to work, she is doing it not owl for her personal sake but also to help the society grow in the long run. Everybody therefore must be as supportive as one can be.

If we look at the historical documentation of the society has been operating so far, we will that changes in observed demographic and socioeconomic attributes fully account for the fall in the female labour force participation rate in the 1987-1999 period, but explain only half of the decrease for 1999-2001. Demographic attributes include women’s educational level, while socioeconomic attributes include household income and men’s educational level, all of which have increased over the last 30 years. We found that women’s education was the most important observed factor contributing to decline in the proportion of women working for both periods.

One can actually ponder upon the reasons due to which such situations occur. Primarily, this is due to the role of women in home production. We found that more educated women are spending more time in domestic work and childcare. Women’s decisions about working in the market or at home depend on the relative returns to time spent in each sector. We found suggestive evidence that for women with medium levels of education the returns to domestic work are higher than the returns to market work. This may be an important factor in explaining the long-term trend of the declining women’s labour force participation rate in rural India.To increase the returns to market work, policy should aim to bolster the demand for women’s labour through manufacturing sector growth, and providing women easier access to work opportunities (such as flexible working hours) and better child care services. Geetanjali Care, a non-profit organization, has been sincerely working towards the aim of supporting the cause of the underprivileged as well as unheard women in rural India, In addition to provide them financial aid, multiple efforts are made in the direction of spreading awareness among them about their rights, privileges as well as inherent opportunities for them. Indeed, a financially interdependent women can lead to a financially independent country.